Gopal, Vasudev Nandan, NandKishore, there are many names Lord Krishna is known by. There are many tales of his heroic childhood, mischievous escapades, love, friendship and even as a mentor. This most iconic god, who is the eighth reincarnation of Lord Vishnu, is lovingly revered by one and all. It is believed that Krishna, who showed the truth of life to Arjuna, can also show us the answers and set us on the path of enlightenment. People offer Krishna puja on his birthday – Janmashtami, with great love and zeal.
Importance and Significance of Janmashtmi Puja
Lord Krishna was born on a dark fortnight of Hindu month Bhadrapad, which is known as Krishna Janmashtami. Janmashtami literally means birth on eighth day. The day is considered as very pious and Krishna-Janam is celebrated with all the fervour and devotion. Mid-night Maha-Pujas and Yagnas are conducted in Krishna temples where Krishna is worshipped in the ‘Bal-Gopal’ avatar. People in local communities gather to perform bhajans and kirtan with great enthusiasm followed by Jagraan to celebrate their beloved God’s arrival. The Puja is of great significance to Hindus as it is believed to bring prosperity, peace, happiness to one’s life and help remove all doshas and evil from surrounding.
Benefits of Performing Janmashtmi Puja
Krishna is worshipped for bringing happiness to one’s life and to attain enlightenment and moksha. People also undertake Janmashtami Puja for other benefits like:
- For attaining peace, harmony and happiness in life and better relationship with people around.
- For a happy, stable and long marital life.
- To remove negative inflictions of planet Ketu in the horoscope.
- To get rid of evil, negative energies and enemies.
- Remove Nisantaan dosh in birth charts to bear children.
- Get rid of malefic effects of ill-inflicted 5th house in birth chart.
- For attaining spiritual development and enlightening.
- To rid souls of trails from cycle of re-births.
History & Stories
It is said that Lord Krishna arrived on earth to remove evil and establish ‘Dharma’ over ‘Adharma’. There are many legends behind his birth story. One of it is the prediction that he will be born as the eighth son to Devaki – sister to Mathura’s King Kansa, who will end his cruel reign by killing him. Listening to this prediction, Kansa imprisoned Devaki and her husband Vasudev. He also killed all her children right after their birth to avoid the prophecy from coming true. However when Krishna was born, Vasudev was able to break free. He took his son far away from Mathura and left him at Nanda’s place in Gokul, where he spent his childhood and adolescence. As he grew, so did his heroic tales – be it taming Kalia in Yamuna River or lifting Govardhan on his little finger to save Gokalvasi. Krishna grew to be everyone’s favourite who people saw as their saviour and God. Krishna’s birth day is since celebrated as a day of fortune by one and all.
Janmashtmi Puja Vidhi (Procedure)
There are grand rituals carried out temples with celebrations that symbolises Lord Krishna’s arrival into this world. People also offer puja at home at midnight of Janmashtami with great devotion. Here are the steps to follow for offering puja at home
- Select a clean place for conducting the puja. A Puja Ghar is an ideal place to perform it. If not, select a place which has a calm environment.
- Place a puja ‘Chowki’ and cover it with red cloth .
- Place a Tulsi pan and place Lord Krishna’s idol in ‘Baal Swaroop’ or photograph over it.
- Light a dhoop stick to cleanse the environment and pray to Baal Gopal before beginning the puja.
- Now place Krishna idol on a plate and bathe him with ‘Panchamrut’ cleanse with water. Follow these steps three times while chanting ’Om Namo Vasudevaya Namah’.
- Clean him with a clean white cloth. Adorn him with new clothes and Alankaar.
- Place him back on ‘Aasan’ or ‘Jhula’ on the Chowki.
- Light a ghee diya with incense. Put Tilak and Ashtagandh along with chandan on Baal Gopal’s forehead. Offer garland and place flowers at his feet.
- Offer Bhog – Mishri and Makkhan with other sweets along with Tulsi leaves.
- Meditate and chant ‘Om Namo Vasudevaya Namah’. One can also sing bhajans and kirtan.
- At a stroke of midnight, swing Baal Gopal’s jhula to welcome him in this world.
An elaborate puja is performed at temples that include Guru Vandana and Puja, Gau Puja, Krishna Abhishek, Sringaar, Ganesh Puja, Navagraha Puja, Aavahan and Havan, Chanting Krishna Mantra, Purnahuti, Deep Daan and offering Bhog Prasadam.
Janmashtmi Puja Muhurat in 2016
The Muhurat for Puja begins on 25th August 2016 at midnight 12 am and will continue till 00.45 am. Post Puja the Parana, i.e; breaking of fast can be done after 10.52 am in the morning next day.